Safeguarding Adult Reviews (SARs)
The Care Act 2014 (Section 44) requires SABs to carry out Safeguarding Adults Reviews (SARs) when there is reasonable cause for concern about how partner organisations worked together to safeguard the adult and a) the adult died, and the SAB knows or suspects that the death resulted from abuse or neglect, or if b) the adult is still alive and the SAB knows or suspects that the adult has experienced serious abuse or neglect.
What is a Safeguarding Adults Review?
The overall purpose of a Safeguarding Adults Review is to promote learning and improve practice, not to re-investigate or to apportion blame.
The objectives include establishing:
- lessons that can be learnt from how professionals and their agencies work together
- how effective the safeguarding procedures are
- learning and good practice issues
- how to improve local inter-agency practice
- service improvement or development needs for one or more service or agency
Safeguarding Adults Reviews provide an opportunity to improve inter-agency working, for onward dissemination of lessons learnt to partner agencies, the sharing of best practice and ultimately better safeguarding of adults at risk of abuse or neglect.
A Safeguarding Adults Review is a multi-agency process that considers whether or not serious harm experienced by an adult, or group of adults at risk of abuse or neglect, could have been predicted or prevented and uses that consideration to develop learning that enables the safeguarding adults partnership in Brighton & Hove to improve its services and prevent abuse and neglect in the future.
The criteria for a Safeguarding Adult Review are:
- an adult dies as a result of abuse or neglect, whether known or suspected, and there is concern that partner agencies could have worked more effectively to protect the adult.
- an adult has not died, but the professional knows or suspects that the adult has experienced serious abuse or neglect and there is concern that partner agencies could have worked more effectively to protect the adult.
In the context of SARs, something can be considered serious abuse or neglect where, for example the individual would have been likely to have died but for an intervention, or has suffered permanent harm or has reduced capacity or quality of life (whether because of physical or psychological effects) as a result of the abuse or neglect.
Any professional can make a referral for consideration of a Safeguarding Adult Review. You are urged first to discuss your concerns with your agency’s Safeguarding Lead
If you would like to refer a case for consideration for a Safeguarding Adult Review, please complete a referral form.
If you would like to talk about making a referral please contact the SAB Business Manager at SafeguardingReviews@brighton-hove.gov.uk
Alternatives to Safeguarding Adult Reviews
There may be alternative responses where a death has not occurred or where the SAB membership agrees that a situation does not meet the criteria but agencies will benefit from a review of actions. These include:
- Single Agency Review: Organisations should use their own serious incident procedures if this is deemed suitable and special consideration should be given to the involvement of relevant partner organisations.
- Multi-Agency Learning Review: A SAB commissioned review, with the same principals but less intensive than a SAR. These can be conducted in the same way as SARs.
- Reflective Practice Session: The original participants in the case may review identified aspects of the case as part a reflective practice session chaired by the Head of Adult Safeguarding or other such suitable person, including an independent facilitator.
The findings and lessons to be learnt from such process will be presented to the SAB Sub Group, action points monitored by Case Review Sub Group, presented to the SAB and recorded in the Board’s Annual Report, as per arrangements for SARs
The Brighton & Hove Community Safety Partnership will conduct a Domestic Homicide Review in cases where a death is due to, or suspected to have been caused by, domestic violence. You can find out more about these here.
Safeguarding Adult Reviews (SAR) Protocol
The Sussex SAR Protocol will assist professionals in deciding when to refer a case for consideration as a Safeguarding Adult Review, as well as providing guidance on the Safeguarding Adult Review process itself.
Any professional can make a referral. You can download a word version of the SAR Referral Form which is included in the protocol as an appendix.
Taking Part in a SAR or Learning Review
To support staff asked to contribute to a review, we have written the following guidance: SARs Guidance for Staff
We also endeavor to involve those close to the adult whenever possible in these reviews, to understand their perspective on the services provided to them. We have written the following guidance to answer questions family and friends may have: SARs FAQs.
Brighton & Hove Safeguarding Adult Reviews
X SAR – This review was commissioned following the death in December 2014 of ‘X’, a homeless individual in Brighton & Hove. At the time of their death X was in contact with and / or known to a number of local services in Brighton & Hove. This review has looked to establish whether there are lessons that need to be learnt in order to better support people in the city experiencing homelessness. The review notes X’s mental health problems, learning difficulty and history of violent offending, and acknowledges that X was a very difficult and potentially dangerous person for support staff to engage with. It concludes that a range of services were in place to address X’s needs, and that they had the potential to join together in a coordinated and purposeful way.
The full report can be read here: Safeguarding Adult Review – Final Publication April 2017
A short briefing about this review can be read here – Briefing X SAR FINAL 2017
There is a range of safeguarding training available on the Learning Gateway. After reading the Briefing you may want to consider the following courses: